The genesis of the domesticated Dromedary camel (the one-humped camel) in the historical record is found where any great genesis might be expected, in Genesis. The domesticated dromedary camels begin their story, at least in the written record, in the Bible.
It seems a safe assumption that these camels would have been domesticated given the context and given they are listed with other domesticated animals (and that a gift of untamed and aggressive wild camels is, to put it mildly, an inconvenience).
However, this particular passage, as well as many others in Genesis stating there were camels in Egypt, has been said by many to have come into conflict with the archaeological record. This is based of a fairly recent study by archaeologists Lidar Sapir-Hen and Erez Ben-Yosef of Tel Aviv who propose dromedaries were not in Egypt around that time. […]